Squash Rules

The Rules of Squash – Explained in The Easiest Way Possible

Last Updated on July 6, 2020 by Austin Cunningham

This is a short beginner’s guide that will explain how squash is played in light of the World Squash & Professional Squash Association rules. Please refer to their original site for in-depth details.

Just like a virtual game, let me simplify the how-to’s like a training mode so that you can start playing Squash now.

Squash Rules – Explained


The object of the game is to score more points than your opponent.

Squash is played indoors on a court. 9.75m in length, 6.4m in width, and 5.64m in height, these measurements are for singles and is slightly wide for double.

The bottom line is known as the tin and the ball cannot be hit below this line.

The lines of the court indicate the area of play and any ball leaving this area and any ball leaving this area is considered to be out.

Players play with rackets and different grades of the ball depending on their ability.


The game starts with a player serving the ball. To serve, a player must have at least one foot in the service box.

The ball must be hit between the service line and the outline, and the ball must land in the opposite corner for a service to be legal.

Play The Ball

In Squash, you have to play the ball by hitting it on to the front wall. The ball may hit any of the walls, but you are only allowed to let the ball bounce on the floor once.

If you let the ball bounce twice on the floor, you lose a point.

Make The Game Difficult

The idea of this game is to make it difficult or impossible for your opponent to play a good shot back, or to force an error out of your opponent.

You also win a point if your opponent hits the ball out of the area of play.

Once you play a shot, you must get out of the way of the ball AND get out of the way of your opponent.

Stroke – 1 Point

If you don’t get out of the way, your opponent is awarded a point. This is known as a stroke.


If you tried to get out of the way but couldn’t, this is known as a ‘let’, and the point is replayed again.

Dominate The T-Zone

A common strategy of Squash is to dominate the T zone, this is the intersection of lines in the middle of the court.

When playing a ball, it’s advantageous to get yourself to the T, as this gives you the best chance of playing the next shot.

Squash players are extremely agile, and elite players can cover all four corners of the court with minimal movement.

Win A Point & Rally

Once you win a point, you get the next service and the whole process begins again. This is known as a rally.

Win Game – 11 Points

A game is won when a player scores 11 points and is 2 points clear of their opponent. If the scores are 10-10 for example, they keep playing until one person is two points clear.

Best Of 5 Games

Squash is usually played to the best of 5 games. Whoever wins 3 games first, wins.

Point a Rally Scoring

That’s pretty much it, but there are a few other things you’ll need to know before playing or watching Squash.

For example: Point a Rally Scoring.

This is the new method of scoring in Squash that is mentioned in this article. If you win a rally, you receive the point and the next serve. First to 11 points wins the game.

English Scoring

The old method of scoring in Squash (and other sports like Badminton) is where you can only win a point if you served the ball.

If a server wins a rally, they get a point. If the non-server wins the point, they only win the next serve.

Games lasted longer and were only played to 9 points. I mention this method of scoring as some clubs around the world still play by these rules.

Doubles Matches

When playing double, two vs two players, each team has two players and share the court. However, the doubles courts are larger and approximately 4 feet wider than single match court.

The length of the court remains the same. Whether you are playing singles or doubles, eye protection is strongly recommended. You can find good squash goggles on every sports equipment shop.

In doubles, 15 points decide the winner. This scoring system is followed in double and the winning team has to lead by 2 points. English scoring method for serving is widely used.

When serving, any one of your team players serves and retains until you lose the stroke. When you win the service back, another player has to serve and vice versa.

If you accidentally hit your partner with the ball, your side will lose the rally. Both teams get five minutes of warm up time.

Few strokes are only given when a player genuinely to get out of each other’s way. If it is your turn to play the ball, your partner will get direct access to the ball.

He also has the freedom to hit it but doesn’t have the complete freedom to return it to any part of the wall.


Every game needs a referee. He/she is the certified person that is appointed by the club or squash league to manage the sport. The referee has the maximum power over the game.

Conflicts of interferences or other similar issues are dealt with by the referee. He/she can also deduct points if a player displays improper etiquette or flaunts any rules.

It is also the referee that decides the scoring of the match. Nowadays, there are three referees that take control of the game. In international games, the central referee takes a call for the scores.

He also can make any decision with the help of two side referees.

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